Elkind, D. (1964). Piaget’s Semi-Clinical Interview and the Study of Spontaneous Religion. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 4(1), 40–47. https://doi.org/10.2307/1385202
David Elkind @ Child Study Center @ University of Denver 1964
Using Piaget’s Semi-Clinical Interview to Study Spontaneous Religion in Children
Acquired VS. Spontaneous Religion =
Semi-Clinical Interview = _____________________________________ + ______________________________________________
Formulating interview questions:
–only requirement =
Interview technique: Good preparation = _____________________________ because ___________________________________________
|Interpreting Results of Questions: VALIDITY (measure what supposed to measure?)|
|Random =||Romancing =
|How differentiate these
two responses from others:
Gradual evolution =
Counter suggestion =
|Interpreting Results: RELIABILITY|
|Test-Retest Reliability =||Interrater Reliability =
Again, criteria for meeting Liberated or Spontaneous conviction classification:
Six novel questions re: their denomination:
- Is you family . . . ?
Are you . . . ?
Are all boys & girls in the world . . . ?
- Can a dog or cat be . . . ?
- How do you become a . . . ?
- What is a . . . ?
- How can you tell someone is a . . . ?
- Can you be a ________ and an American at the same time?
Questions a, b, & e assess = child’s understanding of EXTENSION of concept
(groups to which applied & external indicators)
Questions c & d assess = child’s grasp of the INTENSION of concept
(i.e. properties distinguishing grp members)
Question f assess = child’s understding of multi-group membership
Stage ONE (5-7 yrs):
Understand denomination name as global, undifferentiated concept (just proper noun name)
Stage TWO (7-9 yrs):
Understand denomination as concretely differentiated by observable features/actions
(by behavior, objects, practices)
Stage THREE (10-12 yrs):
Understand denomination as abstract, differentiated concept based on non-observable mental attributes (beliefs, cognitions)
|Identify & explain dilemma of research on religion
(as described by editorial comment by Dittes):